Rodent & Wildlife Trapping & Exclusion
General Information about rodents-
- It is a common misconception that rodents only invade a building during the winter months. The fact is that they can enter at any time of the year.
- Skunks and armadillos are typically around dwellers and rarely invade attics.
- Possums, Raccoons, Squirrels, rats and mice can inhabit both, but often invade attics.
- Most rodents are most active during the night due to poor eye sight and keeping away from predators. Squirrels are active from 6-9 am and 6-9 pm, but can also be active at night.
- Besides damaging the exterior of the building in order to gain access inside, rodents deposit feces and urine in their new found habitat. In addition, they chew wood, insulation, and wires creating a fire hazard.
- Rodents enter for a variety of reasons: To obtain safety from the predators, to have their young, and to have a ready-made chewable wood or other items source.
- Rodents transport pathogens, fleas, contaminants, and just in general several other nasty by-products.
General information about Raccoons-
- Weigh 18-23 lbs and are 24-38’ in length
- Front toes are extremely dexterous
- Has great touching skills
- A raccoon will eat almost anything but common foods are fruits, plants, nuts, berries, rodents, frogs, crawfish, and garbage.
- Raccoons are nocturnal, foraging and feeding at night.
- Mating season is between January and June. Females generally give birth to 2-5 kits (baby raccoons) in the spring.
- Raccoons can carry fleas and ticks, round worm, trichinosis, and rabies.
- Trapping generally involves three trips in the span of about two weeks, but can require more trips over a longer period of time.
- The first step is to identify the rodent by the characteristics it leaves behind. Like feces, trails, claw marks, grease marks, entry openings, and hair left behind.
- The second step is to close the entry points so the raccoon can no longer come and go in to or out of the building.
- The third step is to remove the trapped rodents and reset more live traps.
- The last step involves checking the entry point to be sure it’s intact, making sure there is no more activity and removing the live traps.
- Babies are as small as honeybees and get in mothers pouch immediately.
- Can give birth to as many as 20 babies in a litter.
- Opossums eat almost anything. They are scavengers and raid garbage cans. They eat nuts, fruit, grass, mice, and birds.
- They are excellent climbers and spend a lot of their time aloft.
- A skunks spray is an oily liquid produced by glands under it’s tail.
- The skunk turns around to blast it’s foe with a foul mist that can travel as far as 10 feet.
- Most skunks are cat-sized.
- Usually black and white.
- Skunks don’t climb very well and nests in burrows.
- Each female gives birth to between two and ten young each year.
- They eat fruit, plants, insects, larvae, worms, eggs, reptiles, small mammals, and even fish.
- Squirrels have four front teeth that never stop growing so they gnaw constantly.
- Tree squirrels are terrific climbers but come to the ground to eat nuts, acorns, berries, flowers, bark eggs, baby birds.
- Female squirrels typically give birth to eight offspring per delivery and may have several babies per year.
Common facts about mice:
- Body is small, pear shaped, 5 to 10 oz.
- Color usually is grayish/brown
- Droppings pointed ends and about 6 inches in length
- Food preference is seeds, cereal grains, fruits, vegetables, and meats
- Their habits include being great climbers; explore less than 30’ of home range. They are nocturnal. Most activity between ½ hour after sunset and ½ hour before sunrise.
- Reproduction- sexually active 5-8 weeks after birth.
- Female mice reproduce 8 times in life span with 4-7 pups up to 56 groups annually.
Common facts about Roof rats: (the most common in our area)
- Body 6-12 inches.
- Able to gnaw through wood, lead, aluminum, copper, and some concrete
- Whiskers- since it has poor eyesight, whiskers help to stay safely against walls, under objects, and in burrows. They are used to detect motion and test surfaces, like glue traps, to avoid them.
- Tail- longer than head and body
- Droppings- pointed ends and are about ½ inches in length. A roof rat averages 30-180 droppings per day.
- Habits- able to swing, jump, climb, and usually nest in the upper portions of buildings. May nest in trees or vegetation. Nocturnal. Most activity occurs between ½ hour before sunrise.
- Food preferences- omnivores, meats, fish, flour, cereal grains, fruits, and vegetables. Eat up to one ounce per day and up to one ounce of water per day.
Similar to mice.
- Very similar to Roof rat except ears are smaller and the body is larger. Tail is shorter, prefers lower areas (like basements) but will climb to higher areas and feces is blunt on both ends.
Jitterbug’s Eliminating Process for Rodents:
- Interview clients for sightings and sounds.
- Perform a thorough inspection of the premises.
- Think three dimensionally, looking high and low.
- Identify interior and exterior problem areas like runways, nests, feeding sites, water supplies, burrows, harborages, pipes outlets and inlets, holes, cracks, and gnaw marks on the structure.
- We look for runaways, droppings, odor, urine, gnaw marks, rub marks, tracks, scratches in wood, and areas that upset pets.
- The best way to keep buildings rodent free is to prevent them from getting inside. Mice can get through areas approximately the size of a dime, while rats the size of a quarter. Other rodent entry points like raccoons and opossums need considerably larger openings to gain entry.
- We patch openings with rodent proof materials if the area is patchable.
- Sanitization is important to rodent control.
- Eleminate debris.
- Trim Weeds and keep grass short.
- Clean up food waste.
- Store food 12-15” off the floor and 12-18” away from the wall for easy inspection and sanitization. Use rodent proof containers.
- Allow 24 inch aisles between stored materials for improved sanitization and inspection.
- Screen dumpster drainage holes with a hardware cloth.
- Don’t leave pet food out overnight and clean up pet droppings daily.
- Eliminate rodent water sources.
- Clean up windfall fruits, nuts, and bird feeder spillage daily.
Jitterbug’s Control Program:
- Examine Foundation looking for cracks, mud tubes, soil grades, and conducive conditions.
- Check the soil.
- Check roof eaves and gutters for leakage and eventful wood rot.
- Look for earth-to-wood contact.
- Look in the exterior electrical meter or fuse box.
- Inspect foreign wood materials.
- Look for water damage areas.
- Look for crack.
- Check floor coverings.
- Examine plumbing areas.
Post Construction Treatment:
- Termicides are applied to all soil areas along the slabs or pier and beams.
- Foam treatment may be necessary in void areas in walls, around fire places, under slabs or in soil filled porches.
- Plumbing voids should also be treated with liquid or foam termicide products.
- Baiting treatments may also be used in conjunction or as an alternative to soil applied termiticide. This system takes advantage termite food sharing behaviors.
Pre- Construction Treatment:
- Treating the soil with termiticides can protect a structure for years.
- Termiticides are applied to the soil before the slab is poured.
- Termiticides are also applied to plumbing penetrations.
With every termite treatment applied by Jitterbug, a guarantee is attached.
- The structure treated is guaranteed to be termite free for one year or Jitterbug will treat it again at no charge.
- This warranty is renewable every year for as long as you own the structure at a nominal fee.